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The economy remains vulnerable to outside shocks.

缁忔祹浠嶇劧瀹规槗鍙楀埌澶栭儴鍐插嚮銆
On October 29th America's House of Representatives voted to restrict arms sales to Turkey,
10鏈29鏃ワ紝缇庡浗浼楄闄㈡姇绁ㄩ檺鍒跺悜鍦熻冲叾鍑哄敭姝﹀櫒锛
sanction the country over its purchase of a missile-defence system from Russia, and investigate Mr Erdogan's wealth.
快三计划连中—官方网址22270.COM瀵瑰湡鑰冲叾浠庝縿缃楁柉璐拱瀵煎脊闃插尽绯荤粺杩涜鍒惰锛屽苟璋冩煡鍩冨皵澶氬畨鐨勮储瀵屻
Lawmakers also passed a motion recognising the Ottoman slaughter of Armenians in 1915 as genocide.
璁憳浠繕閫氳繃浜嗕竴椤硅妗堬紝鎵胯1915骞村ゥ鏂浖甯濆浗瀵逛簹缇庡凹浜氫汉鐨勫睜鏉鏄鏃忕伃缁濄
Though the sanctions package is unlikely to become law, relations with America are at their worst in decades.
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Another source of anxiety is an investigation in New York into
鍙︿竴涓劍铏戠殑鏉ユ簮鏄航绾︾殑涓椤硅皟鏌ワ紝
whether Halkbank, a Turkish state lender, circumvented American sanctions against Iran.
快三计划连中—官方网址22270.COM璋冩煡鍦熻冲叾鍥芥湁閾惰Halkbank鏄惁瑙勯伩浜嗙編鍥藉浼婃湕鐨勫埗瑁併
In an indictment unsealed on October 15th,
鍦10鏈15鏃ュ叕甯冪殑涓浠借捣璇変功涓紝
prosecutors allege that senior Turkish officials took millions of dollars in bribes to keep the scheme running.
快三计划连中—官方网址22270.COM妫瀵熷畼鎸囨帶鍦熻冲叾楂樼骇瀹樺憳鏀跺彈鏁扮櫨涓囩編鍏冭纯璧備互缁存寔璇ヨ鍒掔殑杩愯銆

鎽囨憞娆插潬鐨勭粡娴(2).jpg

A former Halkbank executive who was convicted for playing a role in the operation returned to Turkey this summer after two years in prison.

涓鍚嶅洜鍙備笌璇ヨ鍔ㄨ岃瀹氱姜鐨勫墠Halkbank楂樼鍦ㄥ叆鐙变袱骞村悗浜庝粖骞村澶╁洖鍒板湡鑰冲叾銆
On October 21st he was appointed head of the Istanbul stock exchange.
10鏈21鏃ワ紝浠栬浠诲懡涓轰紛鏂潶甯冨皵璇佷氦鎵璐熻矗浜恒
Turkey expects growth of 0.5% this year, and 5% in 2020.
鍦熻冲叾棰勮浠婂勾缁忔祹澧為暱0.5%锛2020骞村闀5%銆
If interest rates are cut further in pursuit of that goal, the country risks another currency crisis.
濡傛灉涓轰簡瀹炵幇杩欎竴鐩爣鑰岃繘涓姝ラ檷浣庡埄鐜囷紝鍦熻冲叾灏嗛潰涓村彟涓鍦鸿揣甯佸嵄鏈恒
The central bank has already burned through billions of dollars in reserves to prop up the lira.
快三计划连中—官方网址22270.COM涓轰簡鏀拺閲屾媺锛屽ぎ琛屽凡缁忕儳灏戒簡鏁板崄浜跨編鍏冪殑鍌ㄥ銆
It may no longer have the means to defend the currency in the face of sanctions, or if global interest rates rise.
鍦ㄩ潰涓村埗瑁佹垨鍏ㄧ悆鍒╃巼涓婂崌鐨勬儏鍐典笅锛屽湡鑰冲叾鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM鑳戒笉鍐嶆湁鑳藉姏鎹嶅崼鍏惰揣甯併
Turks have run to the dollar for safety. Foreign-currency deposits at Turkish banks have surged.
鍦熻冲叾浜轰负浜嗗畨鍏ㄧ悍绾疯浆鍚戠編鍏冦傚湡鑰冲叾閾惰鐨勫甯佸瓨娆炬縺澧炪
And lack of independence makes monetary policymakers' job harder. "They have a credibility issue," says Kerim Rota, a former banker.
缂轰箯鐙珛鎬т娇寰楄揣甯佹斂绛栧埗瀹氳呯殑宸ヤ綔鏇村姞鍥伴毦銆傚墠閾惰瀹跺厠閲屽缃楀 琛ㄧず锛屸滀粬浠湁淇¤獕闂銆傗
Interest rates will need to be higher to control inflation than if the market believed the central bank was in charge, he says.
浠栬〃绀猴紝瑕佹兂鎺у埗閫氳儉锛屽埄鐜囧繀椤婚珮浜庡競鍦鸿涓虹敱澶璐熻矗鏃剁殑姘村钩銆
But no one now thinks it can raise rates without Mr Erdogan's say-so.
浣嗘槸鐜板湪娌℃湁浜鸿寰楋紝娌℃湁鍩冨皵澶氬畨鐨勮鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM锛屽畠鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ユ彁楂樺埄鐜囥

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閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
turkey ['tə:ki]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍦熻冲叾
turkey
n. 鐏

鑱旀兂璁板繂
exchange [iks'tʃeindʒ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 浜ゆ崲锛屽厬鎹紝浜ゆ槗鎵
v. 浜ゆ崲锛屽厬鎹紝浜

 
credibility [.kredi'biliti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM淇★紝纭疄鎬э紝鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM闈

 
purchase ['pə:tʃəs]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 涔帮紝璐拱
n. 璐拱锛岃喘涔扮殑鐗╁搧

 
executive [ig'zekjutiv]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 琛屾斂鐨勶紝鍐崇瓥鐨勶紝缁忚惀鐨勶紝[璁$畻鏈篯鎵ц鎸囦护

 
control [kən'trəul]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍏嬪埗锛屾帶鍒讹紝绠″埗锛屾搷浣滆缃
vt. 鎺у埗

 
indictment [in'daitmənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎺у憡锛涜捣璇変功

鑱旀兂璁板繂
stock [stɔk]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瀛樿揣锛屽偍澶; 鏍戝共; 琛缁; 鑲′唤; 瀹剁暅

 
defend [di'fend]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 闃叉姢锛岃京鎶わ紝闃插畧

 
vulnerable ['vʌlnərəbl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 鏄撳彈浼ゅ鐨勶紝鏈夊急鐐圭殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
鍙戝竷璇勮鎴戞潵璇2鍙

    鑻辫瀛︿範涓撻

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    姣忓ぉ鍚戝ぇ瀹舵帹閫佺煭灏忕簿鎮嶇殑鑻辫瀛︿範璧勬枡.

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