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两分快三—官方网址22270.COM_2017骞磋嫳璇笓涓氬叓绾х湡棰樺惉鍔 Interview(1)

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鍔犺浇涓..

M: Good evening, everybody. Despite new promise of aid, international leaders provided disheartening assessments of the current battle against Ebola. The head of the World Bank said the international community鈥攃ommunity had "failed miserably" in its initial response. The director of the Center for disease control said the situation reminded him of the early days of the AIDS epidemic. We get our own assessment from one of the few nongovernmental groups treating patients in West Africa. International Medical Corps has built a treatment clinic in Liberia and is constructing other facilities in both Liberia and Sierra Leone. Its president and CEO, Mary Johnson, joins me now. Thank you for joining us.

鐢凤細铏界劧涓鐩存湁鍥藉鍋氬嚭鎻村姪鎵胯锛岃澶氬浗闄呴瀵艰呰繕鏄褰撳墠鎶楀嚮鍩冨崥鎷夌殑鍔姏鍋氬嚭璐熼潰璇勪环銆两分快三—官方网址22270.COM涓栫晫閾惰琛岄暱璇达紝鍥介檯绀句細鍦ㄦ渶鍒濆弽搴旀柟闈⑩滄儴璐モ濄傜柧鐥呮帶鍒朵腑蹇冪殑涓讳换璇达紝杩欑鎯呭喌璁╀粬鎯宠捣浜嗘姉鍑昏壘婊嬬梾鐨勬渶鍒濋樁娈点傛湁鍑犱釜闈炴斂搴滅粍缁囧湪瑗块潪娌荤枟鐥呬汉锛屾垜浠粠瀹冧滑閭i噷寰楀埌浜嗚瘎浼般两分快三—官方网址22270.COM鍥介檯鍖荤枟闃熷湪鍒╂瘮閲屼簹寤虹珛浜嗕竴涓不鐤楄瘖鎵锛岀洰鍓嶆鍦ㄥ埄姣旈噷浜氬拰濉炴媺鍒╂槀寤鸿鍏朵粬鏈烘瀯銆傛垜韬梺杩欎綅鏄浗闄呭尰鐤楅槦鎬昏鍏奸甯墽琛屽畼鐜涗附路绾︾堪閫娿傝阿璋綘鍙傚姞鎴戜滑鐨勮妭鐩
W: Thank you, Jack.
濂筹細璋㈣阿浣,鏉板厠銆
M: How many beds, how many facilities, how many people would you say that you're engaged in treating now?
鐢凤細褰撳墠鐨勬不鐤椾腑锛屼綘浠姇鍏ヤ簡澶氬皯搴婁綅銆佹満鏋勪互鍙婂尰鎶や汉鍛?
W: OK, So, in Liberia, International Medical Corps opened up a 70-bed hospital鈥攐r actually we call it a treatment unit. We opened that up in mid-September. We are scaling up and we will be opening up another treatment unit in Sierra Leone. In Liberia, we have about 200 people working in this treatment unit, trying to contain it, as well as treating people who have Ebola, With the hopes that they will recover, and they are recovering when they receive treatment.
两分快三—官方网址22270.COM濂筹細濂藉惂锛屽浗闄呭尰鐤楅槦鍦ㄥ埄姣旈噷浜氬紑浜嗕竴瀹70涓簥浣嶇殑鍖婚櫌锛屽疄闄呬笂鎴戜滑绉颁箣涓鸿瘖鐤椾腑蹇冦傛槸鍦9鏈堜腑鏃紑鐨勩傛垜浠鍦ㄦ墿澶ц妯★紝灏嗗湪濉炴媺鍒╂槀鍐嶅紑涓瀹惰瘖鐤椾腑蹇冦两分快三—官方网址22270.COM鍦ㄥ埄姣旈噷浜氾紝鎴戜滑鏈夊ぇ绾200浜哄湪杩欎釜璇婄枟涓績宸ヤ綔锛岃瘯鍥炬帶鍒跺焹鍗氭媺鐥呮瘨锛屽悓鏃朵负鐥呬汉鎻愪緵娌荤枟锛屽笇鏈涗粬浠兘搴峰锛屽叾瀹炲紑濮嬫不鐤楀悗浠栦滑灏卞湪搴峰浜嗐
M: Do you have any sense that the progress of this disease is being鈥攊s slowing?
鐢凤細浣犺寰楄繖绉嶇柧鐥呯殑鍙戝睍閫熷害鏈夋病鏈夋斁缂擄紵
W: Well, let me say that it's clear that efforts, like ours' and other organization's, are working. When there are treatment efforts, when there are health care workers to treat patients as they come in鈥擨 mean, our first patients that arrived to our treatment unit, they died at the doorstep. But now we see that patients are recovering, and they are returning back to their families. So any efforts around treatment and containment are working. The problem and the challenge is that there are just not enough operational efforts on the ground. That's the challenge.
两分快三—官方网址22270.COM濂筹細鍡紝璁╂垜璇寸殑璇濓紝寰堟槑鏄撅紝鎴戜滑杩欎簺缁勭粐鐨勫姫鍔涘垵瑙佹垚鏁堛傛垜浠姫鍔涙彁渚涘尰鐤楁湇鍔★紝鐥呬汉鏉ュ氨璇婃椂锛岃兘椹笂寰楀埌鍖绘姢浜哄憳鐨勬晳娌汇两分快三—官方网址22270.COM鎴戜滑鐨勭涓鎵圭梾浜哄垰鍒氭潵鍒版垜浠殑璇婄枟涓績锛屽氨涓嶅垢鍘讳笘浜嗐備絾鐜板湪鎴戜滑鏂扮枂蹇3褰╃エapp鈥斿畼鏂圭綉鍧22270.COM浠ョ湅鍒扮梾浜烘鍦ㄥ悍澶嶏紝闄嗙画鍑洪櫌銆傚洜姝わ紝娌荤枟鍜岄亸鍒舵柟闈㈢殑鍔姏閮藉湪鍙戞尌浣滅敤銆傞棶棰樺拰鎸戞垬鍦ㄤ簬锛屽綋鍦版病鏈夎冻澶熺殑杩愯浆鍔涢噺銆两分快三—官方网址22270.COM杩欐槸涓涓寫鎴樸
M: Is that because a lack of international action or nongovernmental action, or is it because the infrastructure in these communities is so difficult that even if you sent them 10 pop-up hospitals, they couldn't build them?
鐢凤細鏄洜涓哄浗闄呰鍔ㄦ垨闈炴斂搴滆鍔ㄤ笉瓒筹紝杩樻槸鍥犱负杩欎簺绀惧尯鐨勫熀纭璁炬柦闈炲父钀藉悗锛屽嵆浣夸綘缁欎粬浠佸幓10瀹朵复鏃跺尰闄紝浠栦滑涔熸棤娉曠粡钀?
W: OK. Well, it's a number of factors. One certainly, the health care infrastructure are very weak in West Africa, under-resourced. They don't have enough health workers. That's one thing. The second thing is the spread wasn't contained more quickly some months ago. International donors are stepping up. In fact, our treatment unit in Liberia was made possible from a grant from US AID's Office of Foreign Disaster Assistance. It took 5 million to open that up and about a million a month. So, part of it is that the resources need to be there, but also people are really afraid. They are afraid to provide treatment because they also need to keep their own health workers safe. And so one of the things that we have done is we have said to other community health people as well as other international NGOs, we will provide case management protocol training. We will train their workers so that they can open up more treatment facilities. The problem we have now is that the disease and the outbreak is being鈥攊s outpacing the operational efforts on the ground. There are a lot of plans in place, by the way, to change that, and we're still within that window.
濂筹細濂藉惂銆两分快三—官方网址22270.COM鏈夊緢澶氬洜绱犮傜涓锛屽湪瑗块潪锛屽崼鐢熶繚鍋ュ熀纭璁炬柦闈炲父钖勫急锛岃祫婧愪笉瓒炽傝繖閲岀己灏戝崼鐢熷伐浣滆呫傝繖鏄叾涓銆傝繕鏈夛紝鐥呮瘨鍑犱釜鏈堝墠娌℃湁鍙楀埌蹇熼亸鍒躲傚浗闄呮崘鍔╄呮鍦ㄥ姞绱ц鍔ㄣ備簨瀹炰笂锛屾垜浠湪鍒╂瘮閲屼簹鐨勮瘖鐤椾腑蹇冩槸鐢辩編鍥藉浗闄呭紑鍙戠讲鐨勫鍥界伨闅炬彺鍔╁姙鍏鎻愪緵鐨勩两分快三—官方网址22270.COM寮寮犻渶瑕500涓囷紝鏃ュ父缁忚惀姣忔湀澶х害闇瑕100涓囥两分快三—官方网址22270.COM鎵浠ワ紝鐩墠鐨勯棶棰樻槸璧勬簮闇瑕佸氨浣嶏紝鑰屼汉浠殑鎭愭儳涔熸槸涓涓棶棰樸備粬浠鎬曟彁渚涙不鐤楋紝鍥犱负浠栦滑涔熼渶瑕佷繚鎶よ嚜宸辩殑鍖绘姢浜哄憳銆傛墍浠ユ垜浠憡璇夊叾浠栫ぞ鍖哄崼鐢熶汉鍛樹互鍙婂叾浠栧浗闄呴潪鏀垮簻缁勭粐锛屾垜浠皢鎻愪緵鐥呬緥绠$悊鍒跺害鍩硅銆傛垜浠皢涓鸿繖浜涘伐浣滀汉鍛樻彁渚涘煿璁紝浠ヤ究浠栦滑鑳藉紑鏀炬洿澶氱殑娌荤枟鏈烘瀯銆傛垜浠幇鍦ㄩ潰涓寸殑闂鏄柧鐥呭拰鐤儏鐨勭垎鍙戦熷害姝e湪瓒呰繃褰撳湴鎶楀嚮鐥呮瘨鐨勯熷害銆傞『渚胯涓涓嬶紝瑕佹敼鍙樿繖绉嶅眬闈紝鏈夊緢澶氳鍒掑凡缁忓氨浣嶏紝鑰屾垜浠繕鏈夋満浼氥
M: Well, Mary, thank you very much for staying with us today.
鐢凤細鐜涗附锛岄潪甯告劅璋綘浠婂ぉ鏉ュ埌杩欓噷銆
W: You're welcome.
濂筹細涓嶅姘斻
Questions 1 to 5 are based on what you have just heard.
璇锋牴鎹垰鎵嶅惉鍒扮殑鍐呭锛屽洖绛旂1棰樿嚦绗5棰樸
Q1: What is international leaders' assessment of the current battle against Ebola?
闂:鍥介檯棰嗗浜哄褰撳墠鎶楀嚮鍩冨崥鎷夌柅鎯呰鍔ㄧ殑璇勪环鏄粈涔?
Q2: How many people are now working in the treatment unit in Liberia?
闂:鐜板湪鏈夊灏戜汉鍦ㄥ埄姣旈噷浜氱殑璇婄枟涓績宸ヤ綔?
Q3: According to Mary, what is the challenge in the battle against Ebola?
闂3:鏍规嵁鐜涗附鐨勮娉曪紝鎶楀嚮鍩冨崥鎷夌梾姣掔殑鎸戞垬鏄粈涔?
Q4: Why do health workers need case management protocol training?
闂4:涓轰粈涔堝崼鐢熷伐浣滆呴渶瑕佹渚嬬鐞嗗埗搴﹀煿璁?
Q5: What does this interview mainly talk about?
Q5:杩欐閲囪涓昏鍐呭鏄粈涔?

閲嶇偣鍗曡瘝   鏌ョ湅鍏ㄩ儴瑙i噴    
contained [kən'teind]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

adj. 娉扮劧鑷嫢鐨勶紝浠庡鐨勶紱琚帶鍒剁殑 v. 鍖呭惈锛涢亸鍒

 
community [kə'mju:niti]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 绀惧尯锛岀ぞ浼氾紝鍥綋锛屽叡鍚屼綋锛屽叕浼楋紝[鐢焆缇よ惤

鑱旀兂璁板繂
challenge ['tʃælindʒ]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎸戞垬
v. 鍚 ... 鎸戞垬

 
protocol ['prəutəkɔl]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 瑙勭珷鍒跺害锛岃崏妗堬紝鍗忚锛屽浜ょぜ浠

鑱旀兂璁板繂
assistance [ə'sistəns]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 甯姪锛屾彺鍔

 
interview ['intəvju:]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鎺ヨ锛屼細瑙侊紝闈㈣瘯锛岄潰璋
vt. 鎺ヨ锛岄噰

 
contain [kən'tein]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

vt. 鍖呭惈锛屽绾筹紝鍏嬪埗锛屾姂鍒
vi. 鑷埗

鑱旀兂璁板繂
response [ri'spɔns]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. 鍥炵瓟锛屽搷搴旓紝鍙嶅簲锛岀瓟澶
n. [瀹

鑱旀兂璁板繂
current ['kʌrənt]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

n. (姘淬佹皵銆佺數)娴侊紝瓒嬪娍
adj. 娴侀氱殑

鑱旀兂璁板繂
spread [spred]

鎯充竴鎯冲啀鐪

v. 浼稿睍锛屽睍寮锛屼紶鎾紝鏁e竷锛岄摵寮锛屾秱鎾
n.

 

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